The Government Supervision and Management for Labor force based on Umar Jurisprudence

Febryan Mujahid Panatagama (20090430023)

Layli Maghfirah Inayati (20090430007)


Islam is the only true religion of Allah; its universality involved all aspects of human life individually or socially. In term of individuals Islam thought us to be aware of our duties and rights, and in term of social the government based on the Islamic thoughts has its special authority to maintain its peoples politically, law’s, human rights, and economically else. Especially in the economic term government roles significant rules to prevent its layman of religion to be avoided from mall-economic activities and to protect individual and social economic’s rights. Also to supervises its market system from any improper transactions that caused into the economic collapse. One element to be concerned in the economic activities is labor force and it regulations. What are the duties and rights of labor force based on the Islamic perspective?  What are the supervising roles of government in term of labor force management? And how the government should protect its economy especially in term of labor force’s management and protection? Will be explained though this writing.


Umar bin Khatab is one of the caliphs known in the Islamic History. His competency has been admitted by the prophet Muhammad pbuh for his broad knowledge, Allah’s guidance on his understanding about the truth, and his leadership for his following peoples. The caliph Umar also well known in his government’s long well doing, stability, numerous of conquered areas, and his competency in solving a lots of economics issues that occurred at that time. His personal diligences in those economic issues kept his governing in stable.  Furthermore, we struggle to review the governing of caliph Umar in supervisions and managements of labor force.

The definition of employment in Islam involves both physical and intelligence works, such as farming works or national governing works. It notion contradicts the definition of employment conventionally that defined it as a contracted relationship among the employers and the employees commercially conceives only for productive activities in order to generate some profits.[1]

The aims of labor’s supervision and management here are the supervisory of Caliph Umar Radhiallahu Anhu toward his employees, religious leader, and his troops. The major benefit in studying this issue is avoiding any mall-management of labor force. The economists assuming that the success of trade in a country really depends on its economic management including labor management. The upgrading of economic management will upgrade the financial betterment and macroeconomic improvement.

Further, this study also discuses about the duties and rights of employees also it supervision based on the Islamic thoughts.[2] Hence the wide scope of this study, it will be bounded in only particular related of economic issues. Such as the duties and rights of employees, the supervision on it will be divided into two subtitles here: 1. the duties and rights of employees and 2. The purposes of employees’ supervision.

1. The employees’ duties and rights

The distinct duties and rights of employees are needed in order to reach best performers in the workplace. It also supposed to minimize some deviations and for controlling the employee’s works. Therefore as a Caliphs Umar always explain the employee’s duties without leaving their needs and rights.

a. The employee’s duties

In his government Caliphs Umar always remains his employees about their personal principle duties or their responsibilities. It aimed as the stimulations to develop their struggle and effort in doing their works as good as possible. Some Umar statement is: “Really I say that I do not employ you oh ye Muhammad’s followers because of your salaries or syour bodies, but I employ you because you could command other to perform prayers, lead them in the right way, and provide them a justice”.[3] In the other statement: “Oh ye my people, I really do not delegate my employees to violate you or to take your properties, but I delegate them to teach you in the religion and its recommendations”. Afterwards Umar deliver his speech and said: “Remember, do not even once violate another Muslim and insult them, drive out them then caused dangerous for them, seize their right then caused them into heathenism, and drive them out into forest or remote areas.”[4]

It possibly listed that the major duties of employees are:

First, Teaching


[2] The major’s examples in this study are in the scope of government servants, troops, and others particular employment.

[3] Al-Haritsi Ahmad Jaribah: Fiqih Ekonomi Umar, page: 669.

[4] Ahmad, Al-Musnad, hadits no.(288), Ath-Thabari, Tarikh Al-Umam Wa Al-Muluk, (5/197), Abu Yusuf, Kitab Al-Kharaj, page. 241-242, Ibnu Saad, Ath-Thabaqat Al-Kubra, (3/212-213), Ibnu Jauzi, Manaqib Umar, hlm, 118-119, Ibn Abdil Hadi, Mahdhu Ash-Shawab fi Fadhail Amir Al-Mu’minin Umar Al-Khathab, (2/465-466)